Why do plants need water to survive? If you are interesting in gardening and growing plants, you must know what they need for growth and development. Plants need soil, water, mineral nutrients, sunlight, atmosphere, the right temperature, etc. Some plants need less sunlight and less water, like cactus, for example. Other plants need more water and more sunlight to grow. Let us find out why plants need water to survive. We will also tell you about other factors needed for plants to grow.
Why Do Plants Need Water to Survive
Water is one of the much-needed factors. Plants need water to grow and stay healthy. Some plants need more water, while others require small amounts.
Different plants have different water requirements. Plants use oxygen and hydrogen from water. However, this is not the only way they use water. In short, water is needed for photosynthesis process. The processes resulting from photosynthesis help plants survive. Plants can use water, or they can store it in order to use it during the winter.
What Else Do Plants Need?
Plants need sunlight. Sunlight is an important source of energy needed for the plants to grow. Sunlight is also needed for photosynthesis. Carbon dioxide conversion to sugars is carried out thanks to sunlight. Light can be artificial or natural. Some plants need plenty of sunlight, while others need less.
Soil is very important for any plant. Different plants require different types of soil. Various types of soils are available for different plants. You can buy any of those in specialized stores.
Plants also need atmosphere. By atmosphere, we mean carbon dioxide and humidity. Most plants need 50 – 60 % of humidity. Carbon dioxide is needed for production of sugar, resulting from photosynthesis. Oxygen is needed for respiration and other processes.
Temperature is one of the important factors, when it comes to growth and survival. By temperature, we mean both soil and air temperature. Some plants can survive in very cold temperatures, while others need warmer conditions. There are plants that can stand harsh winter, while others can only live in warm climates.
Plants also need mineral nutrients. You need to feed your plants, if you want them to grow. Some of the most important nutrients needed for plants to grow include potassium, nitrogen, phosphorus, calcium, copper, magnesium, chloride, boron, zinc, iron and cobalt.
Nitrogen is very important for plants. It helps them develop fruits and leaves. Without nitrogen, plants will be unable to carry out photosynthesis, and their leaves will be yellow. In fact, the whole plant will be weak without nitrogen. However, you should be careful not to give your plants too much nitrogen. If you use too much of it, foliage will be denser and fruits will diminish in size and number.
Phosphorus is also very important for plants. It has a role to transfer the energy within the plant system. Cell structure of plants is also managed by phosphorus. If your plants lack phosphorus, they will lack flowers and fruits and they will be weak.