When was the camera invented and by whom? A camera is defined as a device for image recording and/or storing. Images can be photographs or videos. The word “camera” came from Latin “camera obsura” which means “dark chamber”. Johannes Kepler was the first one to use this name (“camera obscura”); it was the beginning of the seventeenth century when he first used it. He improved “camera obsura” by using a lens and made this “device” transportable.
“Camera obscura” was actually the first camera. That was a chamber (dark chamber) with the light coming in through a pinhole; that was how the image was formed – on glass or paper surface that was positioned onto the lens. Back in the sixth century, Anthemius (the Greek mathematician) used this kind of “camera” in his experimental works. “Book of Optics” by Ibn al-Haytham deals with these issues as well.
The first camera obscura that was really portable was created by two Englishmen: Robert Boyle and Robert Hooke. The smaller version of camera obscura was designed by Johann Zahn by the end of the seventieth century. These devices could only produce images, but were not able to store them. It remained so until the beginning of the eighteenth century, when Johann Heinrich Schultz found out that mixture of chalk and silver goes darker when exposed to light. This discovery was the ground for future photography.
The first photograph that was permanent was taken in 1826. It was black and white, of course. When it comes to color photographs, the first one was taken by James Clerk Maxwell who was helped by Thomas Sutton. This happened in 1861. The first electronic video camera was made during the second decade of the twentieth century. After this innovation, further development resulted in creating a digital camera.