What is Hypothermia Protocol? To answer this question, we must first explain what hypothermia is. Hypothermia is a state of the body that is characterized by very low body temperature. A person with hypothermia is facing a serious problem with his/her body temperature, which can drop below 35°C or 95 °F. The normal temperature of any person’s body is 36 to 37 °C, which is around 98 – 100 °F.
» Why does this happen? The temperature drops to this degree because of an extremely cold environment. All of us can feel the effects of cold weather or cold water. There are other factors that can cause hypothermia. The body is not able to get back the heat needed for normal functioning. This condition is also found in some animals during cold seasons.
» Hypothermia is divided into four categories depending on the temperature range. Any temperature between 32 to 35 °C is a mild case of hypothermia. If the temperature is between 28 to 32 °C, then it is a moderate hypothermia. Severe cases are those when the temperature ranges between 20 to 28 °C. If the temperature goes below 20 °C it is called profound hypothermia and this one is the most dangerous type.
» This condition can be detected. There are obvious signs and symptoms. Different degrees of hypothermia have different symptoms. Some of the symptoms are mental confusion, shivering, cold dieresis, hypertension, irregular heartbeat, hepatic dysfunction, etc. In extreme cases, hands and feet can turn blue.
» To prevent this condition it is recommended to wear proper clothing like woolen or synthetic wear. You should never swim in very cold water.
» Several techniques are used in treating this condition. The body must get some heat as soon as possible. Heat, humidity and oxygen can also be used for the recovery process. Medical treatment is usually done by following the Hypothermia protocol.
» Hypothermia protocol is also known as TH Protocol. According to this method, body temperature of the patient must be held at 33°C for a period of 24 hours using endovascular catheter. This protocol is very efficient and the patients can be treated successfully.
» In severe cases, a person dies clinically but the brain dies later. Doctors observe the patient after warming him to normal temperature to make sure whether the patient is dead or alive. This is done because sometimes the body only seems to be lifeless. There were many successful reviving attempts, even in the worst cases of hypothermia. Hypothermia protocol provides astonishing results. It can save lives. It is good to know something about hypothermia. It is also good to know about ways to deal with this condition. These things do not happen often, but it is good to know what to do when they happen.