This article will give you some pros and cons of genetic engineering. If you have your own opinion, feel free to share it. Have you ever wondered what exactly you are eating every day? Is a vegetable something more than just a plant grown by a farmer in a distant field in some part of the country? The answer is no. Vegetables and other foods we eat are not what they used to be thirty years ago. We will tell you more about this man-made wonder of the previous century – genetic engineering.
Genetic Engineering Pros
• Many of us may not know this, but genetic engineering’s first beneficial use was the realization of the mass-production of insulin – a hormone which regulates carbohydrates and fats metabolism and which is extremely important for any diabetes patient. It was revolutionary method of using genetic material.
• It was used in creating human growth hormones, vaccines and many medications that have pushed the modern man’s health towards something better. Genetic engineering’s greatest use would most probably be gene therapy or replacing defective human genes with well-functioning genes. The method is also believed to be helpful in cases of immune deficiency and genetic disorders.
• Another and probably the best-know use of genetic engineering is in creating genetically modified food. This can be divided into three major phases. The first one was preventing insects and herbicides, the second one was improving the product’s protection against harmful natural conditions thus ensuring the crops’ best nutritional value, and the third phase was the growth enhancing and creating resistance to various diseases and parasites.
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Genetic Engineering Cons
• However, you have certainly heard about the disputes and protests. Genetic engineering basically enables scientists to manipulate and create plants, animals and other organisms in ways that are unnatural, so many people has problem with this issue. Moreover, these organisms may spread through nature thus altering the biological chain that we know today.
• Despite such accusations, some countries continue hiding the facts about genetically modified foods from their own people. In other words – people are denied the right to know and avoid such food products because commercial interests are more important here. The so-called GMOs’ (genetically modified organisms) effects on the environment have not yet been fully confirmed and there is no scientific proof of what impact they can have on human health.
• To sum up, even though such breakthroughs like genetic engineering always aim to help the development of human civilization and life in general, there are limits that should not be crossed. Humanity has lived for many centuries without genetically modified organisms, foods etc. and it is definitely not worth endangering our nature for our would-be benefit – we must remember this planet is not entirely ours to do whatever we want with it. Life is not an industrial commodity – life is something to be cherished and respected.