Here are some interesting facts about Peru. This beautiful country is located in South America. Peru is the nineteenth largest country in the world. The historical background of Peru is very interesting. Ancient tribes that lived in this territory have left fascinating monuments. Ancient Incas lived here as early as 1200 BC. They have inhabited Peru until 1533.
Peru was a Spanish territory for quite a long time. It gained its independence in 1821. Until 1824, many issues were unsolved. Finally, in 1824, Peru was completely established. Of all Spanish colonies, Peru was the last one to gain independence.
Interesting Facts about Peru
• Machu Picchu is the famous tourist attraction in Peru. It is one of the world’s wonders and many tourists come to visit this place every year.
• Peru has high mountains, beautiful beaches and wide plains. One of the highest mountain peaks is called Alpamayo.
• The culture of this country originates from Indian and Spanish cultures. This interesting fusion of the two cultures makes Peru unique. These two traditions virtually became one, which makes Peru even more attractive.
• The biggest lake in South America is located in Peru. Its name is Lake Titicaca.
•A lot of cotton, iron, zinc and golden items are produced in Peru.
• Did you know that avocado and potato originally came from Peru?
• Peru has only had one woman for the Prime Minister – Beatriz Merino.
• The capitol of Peru is Lima, which is one of the greatest cities in South America.
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• The official language in Peru is Spanish.
• Peruvian political system is Presidential-Constitutional Republic.
• The national anthem of Peru is called “Himno Nacional del Perú”.
• Peruvian people celebrate their Independence Day on July 28.
• The biggest cities in Peru are Trujillo, Arequipa, Piura, Cusco and Chimbote
• The national sport of Peru is soccer.
• Peruvian people are mostly Roman Catholics.
• Peru is composed of twenty-five regions: Apurímac, Ancash, Arequipa, Amazonas, Ayacucho, Cusco, Callao, Cajamarca, Huánuco, Junín, Huancavelica, Ica, Lambayeque, La Libertad, Madre de Dios, Piura, Loreto, San Martín, Moquegua, Tacna, Ucayali, Lima, Tumbes, Puno and Pasco. Province of Lima is a kind of special administrative unit. Each of these regions elects its own government, which is consisted of a council and president. The president is elected every four years. The regions plan their own development, investments and economic activities. The Lima province is governed by the city council.
• The population of Peru counts nearly 30 million people. There are many ethnicities living in Peru, like Africans, Amerindians, Asians and Europeans. As we said, the official language is Spanish, but they also speak other languages. Peruvian culture can be defined as a mixture of various cultures and traditions. This can be seen in cuisine, music, arts and literature.
If you have never been to Peru, you should visit this country next time you take a vacation. You will be charmed! These people are great hosts, and Peruvian beaches are made for relaxation.