Here you can read some interesting facts about Canada. Canada was founded in 1867 as a union of the British Colonies. Canadians gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1982. Interesting fact is that they did not have a national flag until February 15, 1965, when parliament adopted its maple leaf flag. Before that, Union Jack, Britain’s flag was in use.
History of Canada
The first inhabitants of Canada were Indigenous people but the East Coast of Canada was settled by Vikings, around 1000 A.D., much earlier than the first settlers from Western Europe, who came to Canada during the 1500s. The country was named Canada by Jacques Cartier in 1535. It comes from St. Lawrence-Iroquoian word for “village” or “settlement”, Kanata. More than fifty Native languages had been spoken in Canada at that time, but today, two official languages are English and French.
Canada is the world’s second largest country, surpassed in size only by Russia; it has a total of 9,984,670 km2 of which 9% or 891,163 km2 is covered by fresh water. It is about one fourth of all the fresh water available in the world. The many rivers and lakes supply fresh water to meet the nation’s needs. Nevertheless, health problems that are related to water pollution in general are estimated to cost Canadians more than $300 million per year.
The capital city, Ottawa, was once called Bytown after Colonel John By, whose headquarters were there while he was building the Rideau Canal to connect the Ottawa River with Lake Ontario.
Canada has a great multi-cultural and bio-geographical diversity – almost half of the population in Canada was born in other countries, which makes the country relatively free from all sorts of discrimination and hostility.
Canada has two national sports – Box lacrosse as the summer sport and Ice hockey as the winter one. The rules for Ice hockey were first published in 1877 . It derivates from a traditional Native American game, which was first encountered by Europeans around 1630.
Canada is one of the world’s wealthiest countries and has a very high income per person. According to the United Nations Human Development Index, Canada is one of the best places to live, considering the fact that it has the highest quality of life in the world and total unemployment rate of around six percent.
Canada’s contribution to popular culture is significant, for example, the original Star stars – William Shatner (Captain Kirk) and James Doohan (Scotty) were Canadians. In addition, since the 1980s, Canada (Vancouver in particular) has become known as Hollywood North. Many famous movies and TV shows were filmed there – X-Files, Stargate SG-1, Smallville, Battlestar Galactica etc. Acclaimed Canadian music artists include Paul Anka, Neil Young, Steppenwolf, Avril Lavigne, Rush, Bryan Adams, and Barenaked Ladies. When it comes to literature, probably most notable is Lucy Maud Montgomery, author best known for a series of novels beginning with Anne of Green Gables.