Peregrine Falcon is the fastest bird in the world. It can reach the speed of 300 kilometers per hour or even more. Peregrine Falcon is a large bird. There are about eighteen subspecies of Peregrine Falcon and each of them has its own characteristics when it comes to their appearance.
Peregrine Falcon lives almost everywhere on our planet, except very clod areas and New Zealand. Its name means the “wandering falcon” and it seems to be appropriate for this species, since these birds really live in nearly all continents.
The size of Peregrine Falcon is nearly 35 to 59 centimeters. Its wingspan is from eighty to hundred and twenty centimeters. Males and females look pretty much the same, but it is not uncommon that the female bird is larger than the male birds. Males are therefore lighter than females, weighting from 500 to 800 grams, while female birds can weight from 900 to 1,500 grams.
It feeds on medium-sized birds, sometimes small mammals and insects. The diet depends on where it lives. There are subspecies that inhabit sea areas, so they feed mostly on sea birds. Peregrine Falcons that live within the urban areas mostly feed on pigeons. After the first year, Peregrine Falcon is sexually mature and ready for reproduction. Their nests can be found in cliffs but also tall buildings made by men. During the 1950s and 1960s, the status of Peregrine Falcon was very unfortunate. It was an endangered species. Wide spread use of DDT and other pesticides led Peregrine Falcon to this position, but during the 1970s, DDT was banned and the species was no longer endangered as before. There were also many illegal collectors who kept the birds in capture. Many of them were released and their nests were also under protection. Today their status is better than it used to be.